6.1  Pronoun Counts Continued
Figure 7: Bernard's use of First Person Plural Figure 8: Louis' use of First Person Plural Figure 9: Neville's use of First Person Plural
Figure 10: Jinny's use of First Person Plural Figure 11: Rhoda's use of First Person Plural Figure 12: Susan's use of First Person Plural
Figure 13: Bernard's use of Second Person Singular and Plural Figure 14: Louis' use of Second Person Singular and Plural Figure 15: Neville's use of Second Person Singular and Plural
Figure 16: Jinny's use of Second Person Singular and Plural Figure 17: Rhoda's use of Second Person Singular and Plural Figure 18: Susan's use of Second Person Singular and Plural

On examination of these graphs it will be observed that within the graph for each pronoun category, the separate curves for each particular form show a good deal of affinity with each other. They move in the same direction at the same time and by about the same relative amount. For instance, if we examine figure 1, Bernard's use of I, my, and me, we can see that the three measures rise to chapter II, drop slightly in chapter IV, rise again to chapter V, rise slightly to chapter VII, then drop away to chapter IX. It is true that the use of my drops against the trend slightly in chapter II, drops between chapters V and VII, and rises to chapter IX, but this should be regarded as a fluctuation within the overall pattern.

This pattern of broad agreement within the graphs holds generally for this group of pronoun measures. It is conceivable that various outside factors could influence one, or even all of the variables on any one graph, but it is highly unlikely that all the variables would be affected to the same degree. Thus, this striking synchronization of the lexical elements would seem to indicate an overall pattern of pronoun usage, rather than just the haphazard use of the individual words involved. When the sets of words under scrutiny all have some plausible common factor it is highly likely that it is the use of this common factor which lies behind the regular pattern. In this case the common element would appear to be semantic in origin, and at a deeper level than the individual meanings of the words involved. Thus, the factor for the I, my and me set might be 'I-ness' or ego, that for you and your would be 'you-ness' or other, and for we, our and us the common denominator might be 'us-ness' or group. The use of this larger, more semantic, class, as distinct from the individual lexical elements, can then be used as a quantifiable indicator of the types of speech or thoughts produced by a character during a particular section of the novel.

This synchronization of lexical elements also makes it possible to add the frequencies of usage of the individual words together and thereby derive three aggregate scores: the 'I'-aggregate (representing the sum of I, my and me and denoted by I), the 'We'-aggregate (representing we, our and us and denoted by We) and the 'You'-aggregate (representing you and your and denoted by You). The graphs for these are figures 19 - 24.

Because of this close synchronization, most of the discussion of the pronoun results will be done in the following section. However, it should be pointed out that three of the eighteen graphs, specifically those detailing the first person singular pronoun for Neville (figure 3), Jinny (figure 4), and Susan (figure 6), all show some internal lapses in synchronization. There seems to be no discernible pattern to these lapses, and so in view of the overall good synchronization of the rest of the pronoun graphs, I am inclined to regard these isolated cases as exceptions to the overall pattern.

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©Andrew Treloar, 2017. W: http://andrew.treloar.net/ E: andrew.treloar@gmail.com

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