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The most influential work on the use of journals by scholars was conducted by W. D. Garvey, based at the Center for Research in Scientific Communication at Johns Hopkins University. Based on the behaviour of 2,030 scholars in the physical and social sciences, he formed a model of scholarly communication. This model, refined in collaboration with B. C. Griffiths [Garvey and Griffith, 1971] tracks the stages from initial research work through informal reports, preprints, journal publication, journal citation and finally appearance in specialised texts or treatises. Their model was originally applied to the discipline of psychology but has since been applied to other disciplines. The time scales on the original model cover up to 10 years for the entire cycle (reflecting its basis in print publication).
A group of researchers [Spink et al., 1998] have proposed extending this model to account for "feedback loops linking the reading of journal articles, books or book reviews with other parts of the scholarly communication process and the initiation of new scholarly work" [Spink et al., 1998, p. 365]. Julie Hurd has also proposed a series of extensions to the traditional Garvey &Griffiths model that she calls the modernized model, the no-journal model, the unvetted model and the collaboratory model [Hurd, 1996].
This model was rejected because it is essentially descriptive and has no predictive power. It also does not take into account the ways in which electronic publishing is changing the patterns of scholarly communication [Mulvaney and Steele, 1993].
Last modified: Monday, 11-Dec-2017 14:41:56 AEDT
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